Participants paced their own imagery and no instructions were provided about the frequency of imaging the dart throws. One limitation of the present study was that we provided no instructions to participants about the number of times they should imagine throwing a dart at the target during each session. Hence, there was inconsistency in number of throws imagined, which may have influenced performance.

However, we found no study in the literature that had assessed the impact of number of imagery repetitions on performance. The evidence we gleaned from observing participants and inviting their feedback in logs and interviews suggested there were no systematic differences in number of imagery repetitions between the three experimental conditions. Nevertheless, we recommend that the number of imagery repetitions is controlled in future studies in this area of investigation. All participants completed each of the 12 sessions of imagery training. Six participants reported on their overall imagery training experiences, and four participants commented on their experience of music during imagery.

Relaxation Radio Stations

A song made for grooving while relaxing if there ever was one. I’m fairly certain that everyone has heard of Pentatonix, but this is one of their original songs and I’m impressed! This is a “listen-on-repeat-for-hours-while-doing-anything” song, 100%. Also, theresearchgopop.com there’s a Pentatonix documentary that is currently on Netflix that is worth a watch. You could have songs on your phone or have access to a streaming platform. Video sites like YouTube show music videos too, and you can search for something relaxing.

  • It features one of the Baroque composer’s finest melodies over a slowly pulsing accompaniment.
  • However, we found no study in the literature that had assessed the impact of number of imagery repetitions on performance.
  • Dorney et al. reported that music did not enhance the benefits of imagery on dart-throwing performance, although the methodological limitations of that study have been noted .
  • Inductive content analysis was used because the purpose of the short interviews was to explore the experience of the participants during imagery with music or NM.
  • There are a few different ways that you can calm yourself down when you feel stressed, angry or anxious.

This result provides evidence that participants in the three music conditions were able to use imagery equally effectively as part of the intervention program. Qualitative data from the short interviews were summarized using inductive content analysis. Content analysis refers to investigators searching text for recurring words and themes . This procedure allows researchers to organize raw data (e.g., direct quotations from participants) into interpretable and meaningful themes and categories as the inquirers come to understand patterns that exist . Inductive content analysis was used because the purpose of the short interviews was to explore the experience of the participants during imagery with music or NM. Inductive content analysis has been widely used by sport psychology researchers (e.g., Pink et al., 2015; Ludlam et al., 2016; Partridge and Knapp, 2016).

This perfectly poised piece comes from Bach’s Orchestral Suite No. 3 in D. It features one of the Baroque composer’s finest melodies over a slowly pulsing accompaniment. As with all of Bach’s music, you can listen to each line of the music as a melody of its own.

The best music to relax to: Times writers on how to avoid panic

I tried all four cds with different clients but no I just couldn’t get on with this. In Pärt’s masterpiece Spiegel im Spiegel, a simple arpeggio on the piano is combined with a slow-moving melody line from the cello. The simplicity and stillness of the result is just divine. The title translates as ‘mirror in the mirror’, referring to a state of infinity. Hypnotically slow, the sparse accompaniment from the piano evokes a gentle drip of water or the tolling of a distant bell. We think this exquisite, other-worldly music provides the perfect soundtrack to lull you into a deep state of relaxation.

Music Monday

As such, arousal level during dart-throwing was largely unaffected by the physical aspects of the task, which assisted in isolating the influence of external factors, such as music. A modified international-standard competition dartboard and five precision steel tip darts were used for the performance task. The dartboard had 10 concentric circles with diameters of 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12, 14, 16, 18, and 20 cm. Concentric circles were used in preference to an unmodified competition dartboard to minimize the effects of strategy.